Transposition of the EU 2019/1937 directive on whistleblower protection in Southeast Europe: Challenges and lessons learned

The analysis conducted by the Southeast Europe Coalition on Whistleblower Protection aims to evaluate the transposition of the European Union’s (EU) Directive on Whistleblowing in Croatia, Bulgaria, Greece and Romania. The objective was to assess the quality of the transposition process and share findings and lessons learned. The EU Directive on Whistleblowing, effective from December 2019, aims to protect whistleblowers and prevent fraud, corruption and serious crimes. The transposition deadline for Member States was December 2021, but most countries, except Denmark and Sweden, experienced delays in adopting the relevant laws. Croatia faced delays in the transposition process and was also confronted with infringement proceedings. While the Croatian legislation expanded protection, defined irregularities more precisely, and enhanced judicial protection, issues related to insufficiently accessible support measures and confusion regarding the scope, application procedures and reporting methods are still manifesting.